At the time Turner presented his idea it was eventually associated directly with his name and became the "Turner Thesis"the American frontier was actually viewed as something that was disappearing. Turner argued that the constantly moving frontier was a key factor in the development of a unique American character and contributed to many of its
Awarded his doctorate inhe was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe.
Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in Nevertheless, he made it clear that his historical writing was shaped by a contemporary agenda. Adams, his mentor at Johns Hopkinshad argued that all significant American institutions derived from German and English antecedents.
Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history. He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory.
Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualisminventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism.
For a scholar of such wide influence, Turner wrote relatively few books. The follow-up to that study, The United States, — The Nation and Its Sectionswould not be published until after his death.
Turner may have had difficulty writing books, but he was a brilliant master of the historical essay. The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker.
His deep, melodious voice commanded attention whether he was addressing a teachers group, an audience of alumni, or a branch of the Chautauqua movement. In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history.
He also commented directly on the connections he saw between the past and the present.
Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result. Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin untilwhen he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University.
Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Turner moved to the Huntington Library in San Marino, Californiawhere he remained as senior research associate until his death.The first frontier had to meet its Indian question, its question of the disposition of the public domain, of the means of intercourse with older settlements, of the extension of political organization, of religious and educational activity.
In , three years after the superintendent of the Census announced that the western frontier was closed, Frederick Jackson Turner, a historian from. Turner Thesis Summary In his essay, Turner’s thesis referred to as the “Frontier Thesis” explained his take on why American’s possessed such unique values compared to their European ancestors and counterparts.
Frederick Jackson Turner's "Frontier Thesis" has had a major impact on historical thought since it was presented in At the time Turner presented his idea (it was eventually associated. The Turner Theses The central thesis about the frontier coined by Frederick Jackson Turner, commonly called the frontier thesis, has to do with the origins of the American national character.
Turners frontier thesis summary, - Research paper for m tech computer science.
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