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A Brief History A central function of the U. A nation is a sovereign country, and as such, possesses the highest authority over its territories. All sovereign states are theoretically equal. Foreign policy determines how America conducts relations with other countries.
It is designed to further certain goals. National interest shapes foreign policy and covers a wide range of political, economic, military, ideological, and humanitarian concerns. Protected by the Atlantic Ocean, its major foreign policy, as typified by the Monroe Doctrine, was to limit European attempts of further colonization of the Western Hemisphere.
Through the 19th century, America concentrated on creating a nation that spanned the continent, and it avoided foreign entanglements. Once industrialized and more prosperous, it began looking for foreign markets and colonies. By the turn of the 20th century, the United States had become a minor imperial power, fighting a war with Spain for Cuba and the Philippines and annexing Hawaii and several other territories.
World War I engaged the United States in European affairs, but after the war, a wave of isolationist feeling swept the country. Refusing membership in the League of Nations, America turned inward once again.
Absorbed by the prosperity of the s and the Great Depression of the s, America let its military strength erode. It was not prepared for war when the Japanese struck the U.
It took the lead in founding the United Nations.
It invested billions of dollars through the Marshall Plan to help strengthen war-devastated European democracies. During the Cold War, the United States and its allies competed with the Soviet Union and its allies militarily, economically, and ideologically.
Both sides created massive military forces and huge stockpiles of nuclear weapons. Although the two superpowers never went to war, the policy of containment led the United States into the bloody Korean and Vietnam wars. The Cold War ended when the Soviet Union, economically exhausted from competing with the West, disintegrated.
This left the United States the only remaining superpower in a world no longer ruled by the logic of containing the Soviet Union. Through time, various constitutional principles and values have shaped American foreign policy. American foreign policy has favored the self-determination of nations for independence.
Based on our commitment to constitutional government, we often favor and support nations that practice democracy. These principles, however, sometimes have conflicted with the goals of national security, economics, or the realities of international politics.
In certain cases, America has supported dictatorial governments or intervened to curtail popular political movements.
It includes establishing and maintaining diplomatic relations with other countries and international organizations such as the United Nations and the Organization of American States.
It includes peacekeeping functions such as working with allies to assure regional and international security and arms-control efforts. It covers a range of international economic issues including trade, travel, and business.The policy applied to a world divided by the Cold War, a struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union in , containment no longer made sense, so in the past ten years, the United States has been redefining its foreign policy. Emerging from World War II as the most powerful economic power on Earth, the United States changed its foreign policy dramatically.
It took the lead in founding the United Nations. It invested billions of dollars through the Marshall Plan to help strengthen war-devastated European democracies.
The foreign policy of the United States is its interactions with foreign nations and how it sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and system citizens of the United States.
The officially stated goals of the foreign policy of the United States. Sep 11, · Public anger at home pulled the United States out of Vietnam, but the public's indifference about the intervention in Afghanistan has allowed the United States' Tanisha M.
Fazal and Sarah Kreps U.S. Foreign Policy Aug 15, Snapshot. US foreign policy.
14 September Bolton’s speech sent yet another message that under Trump, the US will do whatever it pleases when it comes to foreign affairs.
FOREIGN POLICY. Iran is "feeling the pain" from the sweeping sanctions revived by President Trump in August, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, told Fox News.