Widely regarded as the most significant German philosopher after Heidegger, Gadamer wrote on Plato, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelHeidegger, Aristotle's practical philosophy, reason in an age of science, aesthetics, poetics, Paul Celanand other topics. Biography Gadamer was born in Marburg and grew up in Breslau. His mother died when he was four.
His mother died of diabetes when Gadamer was only four, and he had no surviving brothers or sisters. Showing an early interest in humanistic studies, Gadamer began university studies in Breslau in studying with Richard Hoenigswaldmoving to Marburg with his father in In that same year, Gadamer also contracted poliomyelitis, from which he recovered only slowly, and the after-effects of which remained with him for the rest of his life.
Paul Friedlander introduced him to philological study, and Gadamer also received encouragement from Rudolf Bultmann. Gadamer had first met Heidegger in Frieburg in earlyhaving also corresponded with him in As a result, Gadamer decided to abandon philosophy for classical philology.
Gadamer was not alone in being the recipient of such criticism—Heidegger was also unimpressed by Jacob Klein and was certainly prone to deliver harsh judgments on his students and colleagues—but Gadamer seems to have been more particularly affected by it. In the meantime, from —35, Gadamer held a temporary professorship at Kiel, and then, intook up the Directorship of the Philosophical Institute at the University of Leipzig, becoming Dean of the Faculty inand Rector inbefore returning to teaching and research at Frankfurt-am-Main in Inhe succeeded Karl Jaspers at Heidelberg, officially retiring becoming Professor Emeritus in Following his retirement, he travelled extensively, spending considerable time in North America, where he was a visitor at a number of institutions and developed an especially close and regular association with Boston College in Massachusetts.
During the s and s, Gadamer was able to accommodate himself, on his account, reluctantly, first to National Socialism and then briefly, to Communism.
While Gadamer did not identify himself strongly with either regime he was never a member of the National Socialist Party, although he did belong to the affiliated National Socialist Teachers Unionneither did he draw attention to himself by outright opposition.
Intogether with Helmut Kuhn, Gadamer founded the highly influential Philosophische Rundschau, but his main philosophical impact was not felt until the publication of Truth and Method in b. Gadamer was twice married: Remaining intellectually active until the very end of his life he held regular office hours even in his ninetiesGadamer died in Heidelberg on March 13,at the age of The only way to understand Plato, as Gadamer saw it, was thus by working through the Platonic texts in a way that not only enters into the dialogue and dialectic set out in those texts, but also repeats that dialogic movement in the attempt at understanding as such.
Moreover, the dialectical structure of Platonic questioning also provides the model for a way of understanding that is open to the matter at issue through bringing oneself into question along with the matter itself.
The way in which Gadamer conceives of understanding, and interpretation, is as just such a practically oriented mode of insight—a mode of insight that has its own rationality irreducible to any simple rule or set of rules, that cannot be directly taught, and that is always oriented to the particular case at hand.
The concept of phronesis can itself be seen as providing a certain elaboration of the dialogic conception of understanding Gadamer had already found in Plato.
In the hands of eighteenth and early nineteenth century theorists, writers such as Chladenius and Meier, Ast and Schleiermacher, hermeneutics was developed into a more encompassing theory of textual interpretation in general—a set of rules that provide the basis for good interpretive practice no matter what the subject matter.
For these writers, as for many others, the basic problem of hermeneutics was methodological: Already familiar with earlier hermeneutic thinking, Heidegger redeployed hermeneutics to a very different purpose and within a very different frame.
Thus, to take a simple example, if we wish to understand some particular artwork, we already need to have some prior understanding of that work even if only as a set of paint marks on canvasotherwise it cannot even be seen as something to be understood.
Yet since that situatedness is indeed prior to any specific event of understanding, so it must always be presupposed even in the attempt at its own explication. Gadamer thus develops a philosophical hermeneutics that provides an account of the proper ground for understanding, while nevertheless rejecting the attempt, whether in relation to the Geisteswissenschaften or elsewhere, to found understanding on any method or set of rules.
This is not a rejection of the importance of methodological concerns, but rather an insistence on the limited role of method and the priority of understanding as a dialogic, practical, situated activity.In later years, Rilke’s Duino Elegies and the Sonnets to Orpheus influenced Hans-Georg Gadamer’s theories of hermeneutics—understanding how an observer (i.e.
reader, listener, or viewer) interprets cultural artifacts (i.e. works of literature, music, or art) as a series of distinct encounters. The Relevance of the Beautiful and Other Essays. by Hans-Georg Gadamer, Robert Bernasconi, Nicholas Walker (pp.
) Review by: Joaquin Zuñiga. Gadamer, Hans-Georg, Bernasconi, Robert () The Relevance of the Beautiful and Other Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge UP Print.
Google Scholar Gadamer, Hans-Georg, Weinsheimer, Joel, Marshall, Donald G () Truth and Method. Hans-Georg Gadamer was born on 11 February and died on 13 March He was the author, most notably, of Truth and Method, and, more recently, of The Beginning of Philosophy and The Beginning of Knowledge.
The Relevance of the Beautiful by Hans-Georg Gadamer lausannecongress2018.com: The Relevance of the Beautiful and Other Essays (): Hans-Georg Gadamer, Robert Bernasconi, Nicholas Walker: Books Aesthetics, like Theology, is a branch of Philosophy and best left to Philosophers because they are familiar with its history.
Mar 01, · The Relevance of the Beautiful and Other Essays by Hans-Georg Gadamer, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide/5().