Logo Usage About National Neigborhood Watch Neighborhood Watch is undoubtedly one of the oldest and most well-known crime prevention programs in history. While the modern day concept of program rose to prominence in the late s in response to an increasing burglary rate, the roots of Neighborhood Watch can actually be traced all the way back to the days of Colonial settlements, when night watchmen patrolled the streets. The modern version of the Neighborhood Watch-USAonWatch Program was developed as a result of the multiple requests from sheriffs and police chiefs around the country who were looking for a crime prevention program that would incorporate citizen involvement and address the increasing number of burglaries taking place, especially in rural and suburban areas. For the first two years, the program was devoted primarily to disseminating information on the nature and volume of burglary and securing residential property and making it less vulnerable to break-ins.
Neighborhood Watch Research Study Abstract This research paper is designed as a study and has been prepared at the request of the mayor to determine if the neighborhood watch program that has been implemented in a small suburb of a large metropolitan area has had any effect on the complaints received about suspicious behavior, deviant behavior and crime from within this area.
It will explain, in detail, why the selected design was chosen. It will also explain how criminological theories support neighborhood watch programs. Hypotheses will be used to describe, in specific terms, what will happen in this study and what the operational concepts are.
The development of Neighborhood watch programs can be a favorable approach for reducing crime and protecting citizens from becoming victims. Many suburban areas are often targeted by criminals in part because people tend to be more relaxed about the incidence of crime. The program design was wrapped around educating citizens on how to protect themselves and their neighbors from crime and vandalism ehow.
The mayor of the city represented in this report has asked for a report on the effectiveness of the program in areas where his constituents reside. An investigation in to Neighborhood Watch programs effectiveness reveals some facts. Historically, Neighborhood Watch programs have had a mixed effect on crime prevention and reduction, depending on which of many studies on the subject you read.
Complaints reported by neighbors can be a good measurement of how effective a neighborhood program can be. Arguably, neighbors who band together to fight crime in their backyards can be a powerful tool towards combating it.
Although some may argue Neighborhood Watch programs are not very effective, there is evidence that some communities have benefited from its inception. Reporting suspicious behavior can be a successful tool in reducing crime in neighborhoods as well as deviant behavior. The reduction of crime in suburban area neighborhoods can only be successful if the larger problem is addressed by local law enforcement and programs are in place to aid communities who decide it just is not worth their while to get involved.
As statistics surrounding crime reduction proves, Neighborhood Watch programs are vulnerable and limited in their efforts to effectively reduce crime. For the most part, one can argue differences in rates can be contributed to at least three components. These components include economic indicators, social status and the criminal element which is a direct result of social learning.
One can almost expect a higher criminal element in heavily populated areas.
Criminals target communities where they believe there is more vulnerability of citizens. They continue to become more cunning and creative in their efforts and crime either stays the same or increases significantly. The definition of a neighborhood watch is broken down into different categories.
The Theory and Research Behind Neighborhood Watch: Is it a Sound Fear and Crime Reduction Strategy? Chapter V: Discussion. Introduction. In this chapter, the findings of this study will be discussed starting with a brief synopsis of swinging, an evaluation of the sample, and a discussion of the demographic data and swinging experience. Hypotheses and Operationalize Concepts Neighborhood watch programs were design to help either prevent crimes or reduce them in the neighborhoods. People would get together and start a community group organization.
These categories consist of the following: Neighborhood Watch, property-marking and home security surveys. These programs are implanted by either the public or the police. Usually, there is a block captain or main community watch person who is the liaison to the local police department.
This captain will also coordinate monthly meetings with the other members of the community watch, along with the local police department to discuss different strategies or progress with the watch program chosen. The constant contact with the local police department will allow for communications regarding criminal activity status within the community.
One of the criminological theories is the informal social control, which effects the community by considering what the acceptable norms of behavior are expected from the local residents U. It occurs when communities informal social controls break down.
When a community is disorganized, the community lacks the efficiency to keep social order; hence, crime increases. Informal social control can affect a growing community. If the community does defy what is considered acceptable behavior, problems may exist.
These problems include the increase in criminal activity. The reasons for the increase in criminal activity are caused by a plethora of theories. If individuals take control of their own communities and cooperate with the local law enforcement agencies, the communities have a fighting chance to keep his or her community safe.
Setting the social norms of a community has many relating factors; however, the social norms of a community are displayed by the organization of a community. Informal social control allows for the setting of the social norms; anything outside of the social norms can be reported.
Neighborhood watch allows for social order, as well as help, to the local law enforcement agencies to keep communities safe. Hypotheses A Neighborhood Watch program that could be implemented that can cause less deviant behavior, less complaints about suspicious behavior, and less crime is community watch patrol.
This program will include individuals who watch the neighborhood for suspicious behavior, anything outside of the norm that is happening.
It will involve heavy participation, in which members of the community will volunteer and assign times to patrol the neighborhood on different nights of the week.The Theory and Research Behind Neighborhood Watch: Is it a Sound Fear and Crime Reduction Strategy?
About National Neigborhood Watch.
the popularity of the Neighborhood Watch Program has grown, and it continues to still. March 15, - Role of Neighborhood Watch Programs in Local Communities. Starting a New Watch Learn More About Starting a New Watch in Your Neighborhood.
Register a Watch Register Your Watch Group in 5 Easy Steps: Click. Research - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free. The purpose of the Neighborhood Watch program is to create an alert neighborhood by using simple crime prevention methods.
The program works through mutual Neighborhood Watch Concepts, Home Security, and The Neighborhood Watch program consists of meetings. Chapter V: Discussion. Introduction. In this chapter, the findings of this study will be discussed starting with a brief synopsis of swinging, an evaluation of the sample, and a discussion of the demographic data and swinging experience.
Neighborhood Watch is undoubtedly one of the oldest and most well known crime prevention programs in history. In , as a result of the increase in crime in the late 60's, NSA responded by creating a national homeland security initiative to establish resources to assist local law enforcement and citizens.